The story behind International Workers' Day

01/05/2019
|
11:50
|
Newsroom
The story behind International Workers' Day
Mexican workers protest and demands better work conditions every year - Photo: File Photo/EL UNIVERSAL

The story behind International Workers' Day

01/05/2019
11:50
Newsroom
Mexico City
-A +A
International Workers' Day, also known as May Day, is commemorated on May 1 worldwide

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International Workers' Day, also known as May Day, is commemorated on May 1 worldwide. It is a day for workers to fight for their rights and express their demands: an 8-hour work day, compensation after work accidents, the banning of child labor, and Sunday break, among other petitions.

On May 1, 1886, thousands of workers in Chicago got together to protest but were repressed. They were known as the Chicago Martyrs because they were sentenced to death for their involvement on a strike.

That day, workers went on strike and demanded an 8-hour work day. Over 5,000 factories stopped their production and 34,000 workers took the streets.

The protest ended three days later, on May 4, when a bomb exploded at Haymarket. The protestors were persecuted and the union leaders faced charges.

Mexico started commemorating this day in 1913. On February 5, 1917, it was promulgated in the Constitution and its importance was highlighted in the 123rd article.

In 1923, the Mexican government declared that the International Workers' Day was a mandatory rest day, according to Mexico's General Archive.
 

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