The 7 most spicy Mexican chilies

The sensation produced by the capsaicin is useful for blood circulation as it reduces the formation of blood clots which lowers the chances of suffering heart attacks

The 7 most spicy Mexican chilies
Chilies contain vitamins A and C, which help prevent problems in gums and teeth - Photo: File Photo/EL UNIVERSAL
English 04/04/2019 13:50 Mextzin Sofía M. Gasca Mexico City Actualizada 13:54
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According to the Secretary for the Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat), there are 64 varieties of chilies in Mexico, which is one of the key ingredients in Mexican cuisine. But do you know why are they spicy? Well, chilies contain a substance called capsaicin, which is the one that makes them so spicy! The amount of capsaicin is measured through Scoville Heat Units.

In Mexico, the spiciest chilies are:

1. Habanero: with 100,000 to 350,000 Scoville units, this is the spiciest chili in Mexico. Habanero is key for Yucatán's cuisine and in 2010, Yucatán was granted its designation of origin.

2. Chiltepín: This variety is popular in northern Mexico and has been placed in second place with 100,000 Scoville units.

3. Tabasco chili: It is related to habanero and it's also harvested in the Yucatán peninsula. It contains between 30,000 and 50,000 Scoville units.

5.Serrano: It is quite common in Mexican cuisine and used for everyday meals, guacamole, and sauces. It has 40,000 Scoville units.

6. Chile de árbol and chile piquín: both have 32,000 Scoville units.

7. Jalapeño: Also known as chile cuaresmeño, it has 24,000 Scoville units. When it is dried, it is called chipotle.

A healthy heart
According to the Semarnat, the sensation produced by the capsaicin is useful for blood circulation, it reduces the formation of blood clots and the hardening of arteries, which lowers the chances of suffering heart attacks.

No wrinkle cream needed
Capsaicin is an antioxidant, which obstructs the action of the free radicals that cause aging.

Healthy mouth
Chilies contain vitamins A and C, which help prevent problems in gums and teeth. Chili has also been used to treat tooth pain.

Good digestion
Eating chili doesn't damage your stomach, it promotes good digestion by increasing the production of saliva and gastric juices.

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