Querétaro, cradle of Mexican Constitution and World Heritage state

Mexican culture and tradition surface from its pebbled streets and Baroque buildings, while an exuberant vegetation protects Franciscan Missions from the passage of time in the Sierra Gorda Mountain Range

Photo: Archive / EL UNIVERSAL
English 01/01/2017 15:25 Newsroom Querétaro Actualizada 15:25

Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, is home to Iturbide’s Theatre, where current Mexican Constitution of 1917 was proclaimed; it was also the third most important capital city during the Spanish Viceroyalty in Mexico (1535-1821), as well as being the state where the Mexican War of Independence, to end the rule of the Spanish crown, was plotted.

Querétaro is one of the first destinations in Mexico and the Historical Landmarks Trail of capital city of Santiago de Querétaro, along with the five Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve, built between 1751 and 1766, achieved UNESCO’s World Heritage status in 1996 and 2003, respectively.

Visitors to the Franciscan Missions can also go climbing, tracking and camping in neighboring municipalities of Jalpan, Pinal de Amoles, Landa de Matamoros, Arroyo Seco, Peñamiller and San Joaquín.

The archeological site of Las Ranas, or the frogs, is located in San Joaquín, where a lively National Dance Contest of Huapango Huasteco takes place in mid April. The Huapango is a Mexican folk dance and music style native of the Huasteca region comprising the north of Veracruz, the south of Tamaulipas, Querétaro’s Sierra Gorda Mountain Range as well as parts of San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo and Puebla.

Stone quarry floral decorations and images of various saints breed from Jalpan’s Mission of Santiago walls, while El Chuvejé Falls drops about 98 feet (30 m) into the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve.

Magical Village of Bernal is home to an 1148 feet monolith, the third largest in the world after Spain’s 1398 feet Rock of Gibraltar and Brazil’s 1300 feet Sugar-bread, in Rio de Janeiro.

Tequispquiapan was named Magical Village in 2012 for its privileged location, thermal waters, local cuisine and for being a key part of the Art, Cheese and Wine Trail that takes you to vineyards, wineries and traditional cheese dairies of the region.