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The Peña Nieto administration was the deadliest in 24 years

During the previous administration, the deadliest states were State of Mexico, Guerrero, and Chihuahua

The Peña Nieto administration was the deadliest in the last 24 years
Crime and violence in Mexico increased in the last two decades - Photo: Julio César Aguilar/AFP
English 28/07/2019 14:20 Rubén Migueles Mexico City Actualizada 14:22
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During the Peña Nieto administration, 156,437 homicides were reported, 34,824 more than during the Felipe Calderón administration; this is the highest number ever registered during the last four administrations when the INEGI started to register these numbers.

During this administration, some of the main causes of death included murder using a firearm, with almost 70%, followed by attacks using sharp objects, hanging, strangling, and suffocation, with 18%.

The states that reported the most homicides during the previous administration were:

1. The state of Mexico, 17,891 homicides
2. Guerrero, 13,979 homicides
3. Chihuahua, 12,421 homicides
4. Jalisco, 9,564 homicides
5. Guanajuato, 9,482 homicides
6. Baja California, 8,569 homicides
7. Michoacán, 7,966 homicides
8. Sinaloa, 7,619 homicides
9. Mexico City, 7,349 homicides
10. Veracruz, 7, 113 homicides

These 10 states accumulate 65% of the total deaths reported during the Peña Nieto administration.

On the contrary, the states with less than 1,000 homicides reported were Yucatán, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Tlaxcala, and Querétaro.

Overall, during the previous administration, the homicide rate was of 21 murders for every 100,000 inhabitants.

The states that reported numbers above the national homicide rate were Guerrero, Colima, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Baja California, Baja California Sur, and Morelos.

Homicides in 2018

In 2018, 35,964 homicides were registered in Mexico, this is 29 homicides per every 100,000 inhabitants, the highest rate ever registered since 1990 when the INEGI started gathering this information.

Last year, the states that registered the highest number of homicides were:

1. Guanajuato, 3,493 homicides
1. The state of Mexico, 3,135 homicides
3. Chihuahua, 2,957 homicides
4. Jalisco, 2,919 homicides
5. Baja California, 2,910 homicides
6. Guerrero, 2,312 homicides
7. Michoacán, 2,078 homicides

These 7 states concentrated 55.1% of the total of crimes committed in 2018.

Since 2015, the INEGI gathers information of alleged homicides directly from the forensic medical service, through the death certificates issued for violent and accidental deaths. Also, the INEGI uses date from the Civil Registry through death certificates. This information is complemented by the information provided by the Public Ministry's Office.

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