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Mexico has put a great effort in breaking the power and impunity of international crime organizations. (Photo: File/EL UNIVERSAL)

Mexico, among the 22 greatest drug producers

14/09/2015
20:50
Newsroom
Mexico City
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A list presented by President Obama also praises the actions of the Mexican government against drug gangs.

President Barack Obama presented a list of the 22 greatest producers and transit countries for drug trafficking, while pointing out that the list does not necessarily mean a negative opinion on the mentioned nations and their efforts against such crime.

The list includes Mexico, as well as Afghanistan, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Myanmar, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Laos, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Salvador, and Venezuela.

Under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act (FRAA), the President is required each year to notify Congress of those countries he determines to be major illicit drug producing countries or major drug-transit countries that “significantly affect the United States.”

A country's presence on the list does not necessarily reflect its counternarcotics efforts or its level of cooperation with the United States on illegal drug control.  The designation can reflect a combination of geographic, commercial, and economic factors that allow drugs to be produced and/or trafficked through a country.

When a country on the list does not fulfill its obligations under international counternarcotics agreements and conventions, the President determines that the country has “failed demonstrably” to meet its counterdrug obligations.  Such a designation can lead to sanctions.  The President may also execute a National Interest Waiver of the designation when he determines there is a vital national interest in continuing U.S. assistance.

Of the aforementioned 22 on the 2015 list, the President has determined that Bolivia, Burma, and Venezuela “failed demonstrably” during the last twelve months to make sufficient or meaningful efforts to adhere to their obligations under international counternarcotics agreements.

In accordance with provisions of the FRAA, the President has also determined that support for programs to aid the promotion of democracy in Burma and Venezuela remains vital to the national interest of the United States and therefore grants Burma and Venezuela National Interest Waivers.

Obama also praised the actions of the Mexican government to break the power and the impunity of the transnational crime organizations and strengthen the control of its aerial and sea borders.

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