Mexican Revolution Parade

Mexican Revolution Parade
English 20/11/2019 16:21 Actualizada 16:23

The Mexican Revolution was a political movement that took place from 1910 to 1920

It was a long and bloody struggle among a series of factions constantly shifting alliances

Mexican Revolution Parade

The Revolution resulted in the end of a 30-year dictatorship in Mexico by Porfirio Diaz

Mexican Revolution Parade

Thanks to the Revolution, a constitutional republic was established

Mexican Revolution Parade

The revolution began against a background of dissatisfaction with the elitist and oligarchical policies of Porfirio Díaz

Mexican Revolution Parade

In 1908, Díaz said he welcomed democracy but declared himself the winner after mock elections in 1910

Mexican Revolution Parade

Soldaderas, Rieleras, Valentinas, and more often called Adelitas were women in the military who participated in the conflict of the Mexican Revolution

Mexican Revolution Parade

Francisco I. Madero, the leader of the Antireeleccionistas, wrote the Plan de San Luis calling for a revolt on November 20

Mexican Revolution Parade

The revolt was a failure, but it kindled revolutionary hope in many quarters

Mexican Revolution Parade

During the Revolution, women also acted as spies, sent clandestine letters, and distributed guns

Mexican Revolution Parade

Pascual Orozco and Pancho Villa mobilized their armies and began raiding government garrisons in northern Mexico

Mexican Revolution Parade

La Adelita is a female Mexican revolutionary icon

Mexican Revolution Parade

In the south, Emiliano Zapata directed a bloody campaign against the local caciques

Mexican Revolution Parade

In the spring of 1911 the revolutionary forces took Ciudad Juárez, forced Díaz to resign, and declared Madero president

Mexican Revolution Parade

However, the low pace of reforms in Madero's government caused discontent among many factions who turned against him

Mexican Revolution Parade

There were women soldiers and colonels but women without military ranks also played an important role in the fight

Mexican Revolution Parade

One of the relevant events of the Revolution took place on February 18, 1913 and is known as "La Decena Trágica" or "The Ten Tragic Days"

Mexican Revolution Parade

Victoriano Huerta and Felix Díaz met to conspire against Madero and to install Huerta as president

Mexican Revolution Parade

Opposition to Huerta grew in the north, and an uneasy alliance was formed between Pancho Villa, Álvaro Obregón, and Venustiano Carranza

Mexican Revolution Parade

Most women who joined the political movement where middle class, educated and lived in the city

Mexican Revolution Parade

Carranza's Plan de Guadalupe called for Huerta’s resignation

Mexican Revolution Parade

In 1914, the rebel forces converged on Mexico City, forcing Huerta into exile

Mexican Revolution Parade

Over Villa's objections, Carranza declared himself president on August 20, 1914

Mexican Revolution Parade

Villa, Obregón, and Zapata held a convention at which it was agreed that the rivalry between Villa and Carranza made order impossible, and they elected Eulalio Gutiérrez interim president

Mexican Revolution Parade

Carranza became president again and presided over the writing of the Constitution of 1917

Mexican Revolution Parade

The Constitution conferred dictatorial powers on the president but gave the government the right to confiscate land from wealthy landowners, guaranteed workers’ rights, and limited the rights of the Roman Catholic Church

Mexican Revolution Parade

Carranza remained in power by eliminating those who opposed him (Zapata was assassinated in 1919), but in 1920 opposition reached a peak and he was killed

Mexican Revolution Parade

Many historians regard 1920 as the end of the revolution

Mexican Revolution Parade

Nevertheless, sporadic violence and clashes between federal troops and rebel forces continued until President, Lázaro Cárdenas took office in 1934

Mexican Revolution Parade

Cárdenas institutionalized the reforms that were fought for during the Revolution and were legitimized in the Constitution of 1917

Mexican Revolution Parade

On the 109 anniversary of the Mexican Revolution, the government announced several activities to commemorate the political movement.

On November 20, there was be a ceremony to decorate the armed forces at 10 a.m. at the National Palace, President López Obrador's office and residence.
 

There was a historical representation of the Mexican Revolution, with over 1,130 characters, antique cars, clothes, and other objects. The representation took place at the Zócalo, Mexico City's main square.